Ancient Chamori Flying Proa.
and Håfa Adai,
My name is Norbert Perez
and I am the founder and president of the Bring Our Ancestors Home Foundation, a Hawaii-based, non-profit organization dedicated to identifying and facilitating the repatriation
of our Ancient Chamori remains and sacred artifacts.
I am issuing a worldwide web call out to secure valuable information
whereabouts of our Ancient Chamori Flying Proa or Proas, taken from our islands.
(a) In 1710, Captain Swan
of Her Magesty's Royal Navy...transported one of our Flying Proas back to England and showcased the sailing canoe in the St.
James Canal. This Flying Proa was taken from the island of Guahan (GUAM).
(b) A second and possibly a third Flying
Proa was taken from the island of Tinian between 1742 and 1830 and transported back to England.
If you have any information
about Captain Swan and/or the Flying Proa, please write us at
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"Flying Proa" of the Marianas Islands
of Oceania by A.C. Haddon and James Hornell
Bishop Museum Press, Honolulu, Hawaii
Volume 1, p. 413..415 - An account by Baron George Anson in the year 1748.
The name "flying proa" given to these vessels is owing to the swiftness with which they sail... From some rude estimations
made by our people of the velocity with which they crossed the horizon at a distance, while we lay at Tinian, I cannot help
believing that with a brisk tradewind they will run near 20 miles an hour, which, though greatly short of what the Spaniards
report of them, is yet a prodigious degree of swiftness...
|FIGURE 300.b) head view, outrigger to windward: 1, mast shore; 2, shroud.|
The construction of this proa is a direct contradiction to the practice of all the rest of mankind. For as the rest of
the world make the head of their vessels different from the stern, but the two sides alike; the proa, on the contrary, has
her head and stern exactly alike, but her two sides very different; the side intended to be always the lee side is flat, and
the windward side is made rounding in the manner of other vessels.
|FIGURE 300.a) View from leeward with sail set: 1, one of two stays supporting mast,
the other hidden behind sail; 2, matting sail; 3,4, running stays.|
And, to prevent her oversetting, which from her small breadth and the straight run of her leeward side would,
without this precaution, infallibly happen, there is a frame laid out from her to windward, to the end of which is fastened
a log, fashioned into the shape of a small boat and made hollow.
|FIGURE 300.c) plan: 1, proa; 2, "boat" at end of outrigger frame; 3,4, braces
from the ends to steady frame; 5, thin plank placed to windward to prevent shipping of water, to serve as seat for native
who bales, and sometimes as rest for goods transported; 6, part of middle outrigger boom on which mast is fixed; 7,8, horseshoe
sockets, in one of which yard is lodged according to tack (after Anson, 1748).|
The weight of the frame is intended to balance the proa, and the small boat is by its
buoyancy (as it is always in the water) to prevent her oversetting to windward; and the frame is usually called an outrigger.
The body of the proa (at least of that we took) is made of two pieces joined endways and sewed together with bark, for there
is no iron used about her. She is about two inches thick at the bottom, which at the gunwale is reduced to less than 1 inch.
The dimensions of each part will be better known from the uprights and views contained in the annexed plate, which were drawn
from an exact mensuration [fig. 300]... (original drawing and here) (from here)
When [the proa] alters her tack, they bear away a little to bring her stern up to the wind,
then by easing the halyard and raising the yard and carrying the heel of it along the lee side of the proa, they fix it in
the opposite socket [fig. 300, c, 7-8], whilst the boom at the same time, by letting fly [one] sheet [fig. 300, a, 3-4] and
haling the [other], shifts into a contrary situation to what it had before, and that which was the stern of the proa now becomes
the head, and she is trimmed on the other tack.
|From the description of these vessels it is sufficiently obvious how dexterously they are fitted for ranging this collection
of islands called the Ladrones. For as these islands bear nearly north and south of each other and are all within the limits
of the trade wind, the proas, by sailing most excellently on a wind, and with either end foremost, can run from one of these
islands to the other and back again, only by shifting the sail, without ever putting about; and by the flatness of their lee
side and their small breadth, they are capable of lying much nearer the wind than any other vessel hitherto known,
and thereby have an advantage which no vessels that go large can ever pretend to: the advantage I mean is that of running
with a velocity nearly as great, and perhaps sometimes greater than that with which the wind blows.
Marshal Isles Proas (192K)
|Note: The "Flying Proa" or "Pacific proa"
has a small ama to windward,|
opposite that of the "Atlantic proa" with full length ama to leeward.
See painting by Bruce Alderson of Dick Newick's 1968 Cheers